Please note: the results below are estimates based on current (limited) understanding of the impact process and come with large uncertainties; they should be used with caution, particularly in the case of peculiar input parameters. All values are given to three significant figures but this does not reflect the precision of the estimate. For more information about the uncertainty associated with our calculations and a full discussion of this program, please refer to this article

Your Inputs:
 Distance from Impact: 50.00 km ( = 31.10 miles )
 Projectile diameter: 1000.00 meters ( = 3280.00 feet )
 Projectile Density: 3000 kg/m^{3}
 Impact Velocity: 17.00 km per second ( = 10.60 miles per second )
 Impact Angle: 45 degrees
 Target Density: 2500 kg/m^{3}
 Target Type: Sedimentary Rock

Energy:
 Energy before atmospheric entry: 2.27 x 10^{20} Joules = 5.42 x 10^{4} MegaTons TNT
 The average interval between impacts of this size somewhere on Earth during the last 4 billion years is 4.9 x 10^{5}years

Major Global Changes:
 The Earth is not strongly disturbed by the impact and loses negligible mass.
 The impact does not make a noticeable change in the tilt of Earth's axis (< 5 hundreths of a degree).
 The impact does not shift the Earth's orbit noticeably.

Atmospheric Entry:
 The projectile begins to breakup at an altitude of 54000 meters = 177000 ft
 The projectile reaches the ground in a broken condition. The mass of projectile strikes the surface at velocity 16.9 km/s = 10.5 miles/s
 The energy lost in the atmosphere is 2.95 x 10^{18} Joules = 7.04 x 10^{2} MegaTons.
 The impact energy is 2.24 x 10^{20} Joules = 5.35 x 10^{4}MegaTons.
 The larger of these two energies is used to estimate the airblast damage.
 The broken projectile fragments strike the ground in an ellipse of dimension 1.62 km by 1.15 km

Crater Dimensions:
 What does this mean?
 Transient Crater Diameter:
10.5 km ( = 6.55 miles )
 Transient Crater Depth: 3.73 km ( = 2.32 miles )
 Final Crater Diameter:
14.4 km ( = 8.95 miles )
 Final Crater Depth: 661 meters ( = 2170 feet )
 The crater formed is a complex crater.
 The volume of the target melted or vaporized is 1.41 km^{3} = 0.338 miles^{3}
 Roughly half the melt remains in the crater, where its average thickness is 16.1 meters ( = 52.9 feet ).

Thermal Radiation:
 What does this mean?
 Time for maximum radiation: 719 milliseconds after impact
 Visible fireball radius: 12 km ( = 7.42 miles )
 The fireball appears 54.3 times larger than the sun
 Thermal Exposure: 4.19 x 10^{7} Joules/m^{2}
 Duration of Irradiation: 2.63 minutes
 Radiant flux (relative to the sun): 265
 Effects of Thermal Radiation:
Clothing ignites
Much of the body suffers third degree burns
Newspaper ignites
Plywood flames
Deciduous trees ignite
Grass ignites

Seismic Effects:
 What does this mean?
The major seismic shaking will arrive approximately 10 seconds after impact.  Richter Scale Magnitude: 7.8
 Mercalli Scale Intensity at a distance of 50 km:
IX. General panic. Damage considerable in specially designed structures; welldesigned frame structures thrown out of plumb. Damage great in substantial buildings, with partial collapse. Buildings shifted off foundations. Serious damage to reservoirs. Underground pipes broken. Conspicuous cracks in ground. In alluviated areas sand and mud ejected, earthquake fountains, sand craters.
X. Most masonry and frame structures destroyed with their foundations. Some wellbuilt wooden structures and bridges destroyed. Serious damage to dams, dikes, embankments. Large landslides. Water thrown on banks of canals, rivers, lakes, etc. Sand and mud shifted horizontally on beaches and flat land. Rails bent slightly.

Ejecta:
 What does this mean?
The ejecta will arrive approximately 1.69 minutes after the impact.  At your position there is a fine dusting of ejecta with occasional larger fragments
 Average Ejecta Thickness: 88.5 cm ( = 34.8 inches )
 Mean Fragment Diameter: 57.7 cm ( = 22.7 inches )

Air Blast:
 What does this mean?
The air blast will arrive approximately 2.53 minutes after impact.  Peak Overpressure: 381000 Pa = 3.81 bars = 54.1 psi
 Max wind velocity: 435 m/s = 972 mph
 Sound Intensity: 112 dB (May cause ear pain)
 Damage Description:
Multistory wallbearing buildings will collapse.
Wood frame buildings will almost completely collapse.
Multistory steelframed officetype buildings will suffer extreme frame distortion, incipient collapse.
Highway truss bridges will collapse.
Highway girder bridges will collapse.
Glass windows will shatter.
Cars and trucks will be overturned and displaced, requiring major repairs.
Up to 90 percent of trees blown down; remainder stripped of branches and leaves.
Tell me more...
Click here for a pdf document that details the observations, assumptions, and equations upon which this program is based. It
describes our approach to quantifying the important impact processes that might affect the people, buildings, and landscape in the
vicinity of an impact event and discusses the uncertainty in our predictions. The processes included are: atmospheric entry, impact
crater formation, fireball expansion and thermal radiation, ejecta deposition, seismic shaking, and the propagation of the atmospheric
blast wave.
Recent improvements in the airblast calculation are described here.
Earth Impact Effects Program Copyright 2004, Robert Marcus, H.J. Melosh, and G.S. Collins
These results come with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY